Infectious diseases are spread by coughs, sneezes, and direct contact. The good news is that there are many simple steps you can take to reduce your risk of infection.
One of the most important things you can do is wash your hands frequently. Use soap and water to wash your hands, and do it for at least 20 seconds. If you do not have access to soap and water, you can use an alcohol-based hand sanitiser.
Another way to keep from contracting infectious disease is to stay home when you are ill. If you do not have a medical excuse for staying home, you should avoid the work place, school, or other places where people congregate. You should also keep the house clean. This includes disinfecting your kitchen, bathroom, and other areas.
It is also important to maintain a healthy weight. Maintaining a healthy weight helps your immune system. Eating a balanced diet that is high in nutrients and low in red meat can help your body fight infections. Getting enough sleep is also very helpful.
Be cautious when around animals, particularly wild or domestic ones. Animals can carry diseases, such as rabies. When you come in contact with an animal, you should make sure you wash your hands immediately.
Keep in mind that there are a number of vaccines available that will prevent diseases. Children and adults should be vaccinated against influenza, hepatitis A, and hepatitis B.
You should also get a vaccination against Lyme disease, which can be transmitted by ticks. To protect yourself from this type of illness, you should wear long pants, insect repellent, and condoms.